Software Testing-Exploratory Testing

Exploratory testing is a way of testing the application by exploring it to find out what it does; its features; and what it does not do among others.  Exploratory testing requires minimal to no planning. The testers continuously make decisions on their next plan of action. In this type of testing, tests planning, design, and test execution are done together and instantly. The process depends on the testers' thinking process.  This kind of testing is more beneficial than the formal testing and can be used to find out right defects which sometimes go unnoticed during the standard testing. Read further to learn more

How Exploratory Testing is Done
When it comes to exploratory testing, there is no standard pattern of testing is involved.  As general testing practice, the tester writes test cases, creates test data and then executes them.  Exploratory testing differs from that it that there are no test cases written.  The tester simply opens the app and starts browsing it to identify any defects. 

Every tester does exploratory testing only that they are not aware of the fact that they are doing it.  The expected result of exploratory testing is a defect report or log. Other times, if you have applied any special data to test, you can include that data in your test data sheet. 

Tips for Exploratory Testing
a)    Divide the app into modules and bifurcate modules into different pages and start your testing from these pages. This gives you the right coverage.
b)  Identify all the features and put a check mark when it is covered
c)    Start with a basic scenario and gradually enhance it to add more features to conduct a test on
d)    Test al the input fields
e)    Test for any error message
f)    Don't forget to test all negative scenarios
g)    Check the GUI against the standards
h)    Consider the integration of the app with other external apps
i)    Consider complex business logic
j)    Try doing the ethical hacking of the app

In conclusion, exploratory testing can be used to complement another more formal testing to help establish greater confidence in the software.  In this way, exploratory testing can thus be used to check on the official test process by helping to ensure that the most serious defects have been identified.  In this type of testing, the tester is continually making decisions about what to test next and where to spend the time.  The exploratory testing is an approach that is most useful when there are poor or no specifications and when there is a high time limit.

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